Any garden is not completed without trees; flourishing and providing shades and some fruits too. The eco-diversity of your garden can be increased by the planting of more trees across.
But one must keep in mind that trees need proper care as due to poor-maintenance they can be dangerous or poorly positioned.
The tree surgeons like Centaur tree services are not for large estate garden owners but are also working for the community as they can save dangerous trees, move trees for passage and even remove their branches that might be dangerous for pedestrians.
A good looking tree or trees in the garden makes it more stylish and the home owners are appreciated for their appeal towards the nature and health of the trees. However, there are some important tips that you need to explore before working with tree surgeon in order to give your garden a fantastic look!
For maintenance of larger trees can be dangerous and it is purely advised to hire the services of professional and trained tree surgeon who are equipped with the latest and advanced types of equipment.
Always make sure to keep children and pets out of the way during the work procedures. The windows of your house must also be kept closed as the debris and dust can cause problems.
Preventing tree problem
As the tree grows old, it is immune to diseases and blights. In many cases, the rising tree problems can be resolved by catching a tree surgeon.
The inspection by the tree surgeon will provide you with the exact health status of your garden tree and if the repairing of the disease can be done, the tree surgeon will suggest you the best treatment.
Hiring the experts
Proper gardening professionals and tree surgeons can save your efforts as they will help from the beginning i.e. planting to maintaining and eventually removing.
The Centaur Tree Service is based in Wheatley, Oxford and is the best and the premier choice for tree care throughout the country and adjourning areas.
The company provides a full range of tree care services and have the dedication and passion as the owner Ben Scoble is a green love person who is an outdoor person and works with dedication to building the customer reputation.
After a lot of care including cutting, trimming and pruning, a substantial amount of waste is left behind for you to take care of. If your garden does not have enough room for the bonfire as burning might be a nuisance for your neighbor, the waste needs to be put out.
A well-equipped tree surgeon like Centaur Tree Service will either remove this as part of their job role or can even convert the waste into wood chips that can easily be used a s a mulch to decorate your garden.
Just imagine yourself lying comfortably on the bed and when you are about to got to sleep something stings on your face. Yes! I know you can relate to it because it happens to us all. That stingy and itchy feeling is caused by the bite of the worst insect of all; The Mosquito.
It does not only leave your skin inflamed and itchy but it also transmits many dangerous diseases like Malaria, Dengue fever, Yellow fever etc. The best way to protect yourself is to secure yourself from those stingy bites. Following are some tips to help you get secure from mosquitoes:
While going out in open spaces, cover your body properly. Wear long sleeves shirt and loose pants. You should completely cover your arms and legs. Also, wear shoes and socks instead of open sandals. Also, the fabric should be thick so that the mosquitoes are unable to bite from outside.
Use an insect repellant
Different sorts of insect repellents are available in the market these days. Apply some on your bare areas of skin before going out. These repellents contain DEET that causes the insects to stay away. The amount of DEET should be adjusted according to age and tolerance.
Sleep in mosquito nets
Try to sleep in a mosquito net. It has tiny holes which allow the air to pass through but mosquitos are unable to pass through those tiny holes. But, don’t touch the sides of the net. Also check for any gap in the net regularly.
Destroy habitats of mosquitoes
Mosquitoes are fond of any sort of water. So, get rid of their habitats as soon as you can. Regularly drain the water of swimming pools and toilets. Destroy anything in which water can stand near your house and building.
You can learn more ways to stay secure from mosquitoes on this link.
Mosquito vacuums are special devices that help in sucking up mosquitos by getting them trapped. You can use c02 in it to attract mosquitoes. You can look here for mosquito vacuum reviews from different websites. Different brands are also making these like Koolatron and Mega catch.
Stay alerted at dusk and dawn
Late night till early morning is the favorite time of biting for mosquitoes. So, you especially need to protect yourself and family in these timings. Use nets and repellents in this duration and avoid going out.
Attack individual mosquitoes
Don’t leave the individual mosquitoes who have made your house their own. Instead, kill them with your hand or mosquito swatter.
Do not only use home remedies
Most of the moms recommend the home made repellants for killing mosquitoes. Although these are effective, dont rely on them completely. Instead, use some alternative method as well for effective protection.
You should completely block the entry of mosquitoes in the house by using structural barriers. Cover all the gaps in walls, close the doors at evening and cover the windows as well. In short, block all the ways of the entrance of mosquitoes.
To conclude, if you want to keep yourself secure from mosquitos then you should try the above methods to get rid of them. You will not only be prevented from diseases but also their constant itching.
Click here to learn more ways to stay safe from mosquitoes.
Why do you think you need to remodel the home? Because you are bored from the looks of the house or people just stop complimenting your home now? Or do you want to increase the value of your home?
If you are the one who is confused when it comes to remodeling the house then here are the reasons why you should go for the remodeling and what benefits it will give to you.
If you want to resale your home and you want to have a handsome amount out of your home then you should go for the remodeling. Imagine if you are going to buy the property so what you will look for in it?
What prices are you willing to pay to the owner whose house is not good enough? In the same way, remodeling is going to increase the market value of your home and when someone will come to buy your home then they are going to pay you a good price.
Remodeling is important of the home after every 10 years. We all see how trends get changed and people like to live in the house which should look like a dream place or at least should be peaceful. For the ideas, you can contact remodeling contractors in Austin here.
Does it sound boring to you that you are living in the same old since you were born and now you want to make some changes in the same house to give it a modern look? What are you thinking? Go for it.
REPAIRING DAMAGE PARTS
Due to the no maintenance in the home after a long time, you can see a roof is getting damage from somewhere and you can also experience how walls of your home are not looking that strong as they used to be.
During the remodeling, you can go for the repairing of the damaged parts in the home and you can also use reliable and durable cement to build the walls and roof this time. Use quality products in your house remodeling.
When you are about to remodel your home then this is the chance that you can change the whole furniture and theme of your home. After shifting back in you are going to feel like you are in a new home and it will be a great feeling.
You can search for the different ideas on the internet like what you should use in the home at the time of remodeling and how many trendy paints and furniture is possible to keep in the house.
Remodeling is also going to give you an opportunity to earn in a best possible way. While you are setting your home from the scratch then what you are about to do with the old furniture?
Let people know that you are selling all your furniture at a reasonable price and you will be able to earn a handsome amount from your of furniture. Isn’t it the cool idea that you can earn and invest that money in your home remodeling.
In my own opinion, a garden is something whose presence enhances the look of a property’s exterior portion. So, it is essential that people maintain their garden for making them look as high as possible and keeping the aura of their house’s exterior portion as intact as was before or to keep them intact from now on. There are various ways to maintain a garden. To create a good garden and then keeping it properly requires putting the right plant in the right place. This signifies considering the cultural requirements of a plant. For instance, putting a sun plant like a rose in a shady area will not help. The rose will not grow much as they will not receive the appropriate amount of sunlight required for their growth. With the help of Jamie Durie and Joe Nahas Project, I was able to design a beautiful garden.
What are the ways by which a garden can be built?
Development of a backyard plan
A garden plan is necessary for its maintenance. The plan can either be the simple one or a complicated one, but it fully depends on the backyard’s users. People learn to identify what is necessary for their garden and what is a waste of nature. Like, for example, there are some garden portions which can cause a nuisance to the house. So, removing them is the best option. Some pieces add beauty to the place, and hence, people must focus on these parts more.
Watering the garden to its required extent
A garden must be accurately and timely watered, to keep it as fresh as possible. Flowers and plants require water to be healthy and look great. So, people must keep their focus on watering them properly. Moreover, the choice of flowers is also something to think about while creating a garden. A flowers Canberra delivery service requires help from gardeners, to get fresh flowers.
Tips on maintain and designing a garden
A garden is one of the most beautiful things which attract a person. The whole sight of greenery, trees, and beautiful flowers can bring a smile on a person’s face. However, other than recreation purposes gardens are also ideal for businesses. There are various ways of making money from fresh and incredible gardens.
An ideal way to make money from them is by growing plants and flowers. These plants and flowers are then sold to nurseries, florist shops, etc. A florist shop requires fresh and real flowers for bringing growth in their business. So, they need a garden owner’s help to get the idea and fresh flowers for their business. The florist business is an ever growing one. Now, there is the growth of online florist shop business. They are becoming increasingly popular nowadays with their combo packages, discount rates as well as well excellent quality services.
These online flowering shops require the help of various garden owners or professional gardeners to get the best quality flowers. So, if someone wants to convert their garden into a business venture, then it will be an excellent idea for them.
The Department of Plant Biotechnology and Biochemistry has existed since 2003 and was established on the basis of two departments: Plant Biotechnology and Plant Biochemistry. The department is headed by the Academician of the UAAS, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor VN. Yezhov. Since 2008, the department has identified separate units: a laboratory of biotechnology and plant virology, a scientific group of plant biochemistry and a testing laboratory.
Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology and Virology
The main activities of the laboratory
Currently, the main areas of research are:
Study of biology of cultured cells, tissues, peculiarities of growth and differentiation in vitro of subtropical and stone fruit crops, ornamental and medicinal plants;
Somatic embryogenesis of subtropical fruit and ornamental plants in culture in vitro ;
Restoration of the number of rare and endangered species of wild flora plants by developing plant regeneration systems in in vitro conditions ;
Acceleration of introductory process by reproduction in in vitro new species, varieties represented in single specimens and difficult to reproduce by traditional methods;
In vitro selection – the development of recipient plant systems in vitro , the creation of breeding forms and the generation of genetic diversity using biotechnological methods (embryoculture, haploidy, induced mutagenesis and genetic engineering);
Creation of a system of virus-free plant growing on the basis of:
a) the development of new highly effective recovery technologies and modern express methods of mass virus diagnostics;
B) obtaining resistant to viral infections forms of subtropical and stone fruit crops, flower-decorative and medicinal plants by methods of biotechnology and genetic engineering.
Management and staff of the laboratory
Biotechnology and biochemistry of plants
Head of Department laboratory, doctor of biological sciences, senior researcher Mitrofanova Irina Vyacheslavovna
Senior Researcher, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor Mitrofanova Olga Vladimirovna
Researcher Ivanova Nataliya Nikolaevna
Junior Researcher Lesnikova-Sedoshenko Nina Pavlovna
Laboratory Chelombit Svetlana Viktorovna
Postgraduate Kuznetsova Natalya Vasilevna
e-mail .: In_vitro@ukr.net
For Biotechnology and Biochemistry of Plants. Click here.
Studies on plant physiology in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden were initiated by Academician V.N. Lyubimenko in the year 1908. He also organized a laboratory of plant physiology in the Botanical Room. The main direction of the laboratory’s work at that time was the study of pigments and the influence of light on physiological processes; Somewhat later, studies were begun of the winter hardiness and drought resistance of higher plants. This area of research remains a priority and to this day.
Cytological-embryological and genetic studies in the NBS began in the department of genetics and selection created in 1923, which was later reorganized into the department of cytogenetics and embryology of plants. In the past years, the department carried out significant work on the practical selection of tobacco, vegetable crops and grapes. Since the 1970s, research on the reproductive biology of southern fruit, subtropical and ornamental plants (introducers and representatives of native flora) began to develop in the laboratory in connection with their introduction, selection and protection.
A number of new methods for studying plant physiology have been developed: a laboratory-field method for determining plant drought resistance, a refractometric method for determining colloid-bound water in plants, a method for determining the concentration of plant cell sap, A method for determining the heat resistance of plants for the registration of photoinduced luminescence, an algorithm for the optimal control of the water regime of plants under conditions of soil and atmospheric drought, and a multiplicative model for the water exchange of seedlings of fruit crops, a method for determining the frost resistance of woody plants by direct freezing. At present, studies of drought resistance of fruit crops (peach, plum-apricot hybrids), as well as frost resistance of species of the genus Diospyros L. and species of the families Cactaceae and Crassulaceae are being conducted.
As a result of the embryological work carried out in the department, the formation of generative structures in a number of introduced species – representatives of the families Rosaceae, Rhamnaceae, Davidiaceae, Oleaceae, Pinaceae, Cephalotaxaceae, etc., As well as representatives of the flora of the Crimea – species of the families Orchidaceae, Ephedraceae, Ericaceae, Anacardiaceae, Pinaceae, Cupressaceae, and others. Specific features of the formation of generative structures, pollination, fertilization and embryogenesis in the above objects have been revealed. Developed: ways to increase seed productivity and improve the natural reproduction of Arbutus andrachne and Pistacia mutica; Ways to increase the efficiency of hybridization and accelerated production of hybrid progeny Zizyphus jujuba and Olea europaea; A way to assess the response of higher plants to air pollution in the male generative sphere; Recommendations on elite seed production of Taxus baccata and Juniperus excelsa, as well as on the rational use of the gene pool of Juniperus foetidissima; Recommendations for assessing genetic cargo and improving the viability of the seeds of protected and cultivated conifers. Currently, studies are underway to identify the patterns of formation of embryonic structures of higher plants in connection with the problem of conservation and enhancement of biological diversity. Special attention is paid to comparative analysis of reproductive biology of species of different phylogenetic level, as well as ways to increase the efficiency of creating new valuable forms and varieties of plants.
There is a department of 18 people, among them: 1 doctor of biological sciences, 5 candidates of biological sciences and 6 post-graduate students.
Head of Department Department – candidate of biological sciences Gubanova Tatyana Borisovna.
For Physiology and Reproductive Biology. Click here.
1 . The plant protection group was established on the basis of the plant protection department, which repeatedly changed its status and name:
- Department of phytopathology (September 1920 – October 1921), after which it was removed from the Nikitsky Garden and transformed into an independent institution – YuzhKrymSTAZR
- Group of entomology and phytopathology in the department of breeding and genetics (1927-1930).
- Group of entomology and phytopathology in the Department of Plant Physiology (1931-1935).
- Department of entomology and phytopathology (January 1941-June 1941).
- Department of entomology and phytopathology (1945-1980).
- Department of Plant Protection (1980 – 2003)
- Plant protection group in the department of agroecology (2003-2007).
- Group of entomology and phytopathology in the Nature Protection Department (2007- present).
2 . The department was officially organized for the first time on the initiative of the Director of the Garden, the plant physiologist, Academician V.I. Palladin in 1920, who in 1921 replaced the first President of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine – Academician V.I. Vernadsky in this post.
However, it should be noted that work in the field of studying fauna, microflora, biology and the development of measures to control pests and plant diseases have been initiated since the establishment of the Garden of H.H. Steven, N.A. Gartvis and many other researchers.
In 1890, D.I. Ivanovsky, studying the causes of death of tobacco varieties cultivated by the Nikitsky garden, published in the publication of the Academy of Sciences of Russia his first report on the discovery of previously unknown to them organisms – viruses, which initiated a new science – virology. Here, V.A. Skrobishevsky (1890, 1897). For the first time in Russia, work was carried out on four-legged mites, which laid the foundation for applied phytoakarology, the forerunners of which were the publications of N.A. Gartvis (1855).
The first head of the department was a phytopathologist-mycologist K.N. Dekenbach, a specialist in rust fungi in Europe, who taught at the Kharkiv State University.
3 . However, the department was soon removed from submission to its Nikitsky garden and transformed into the South Crimean plant protection station (YuzhKrymSTAZR) by the decision of the People’s Commissariat of the RSFSR of July 7, 1922 as an independent institution with accommodation in the village. Natasha, and then in the village. Livadia (the city of Yalta).
The decision to restore the department was made again at a joint meeting of the Scientific Council of the Southern Branch of the VIR-NBS on May 19, 1935, which was conducted by Academician N.I. Vavilov, the first President of VASKhNIL, the director of VIR, where Sad then entered as his branch (the archive of the SNBS, ed.khr.199, p.6).
After this decision, invitations to work in the Garden were sent to two graduates of the LSI and the VIZR graduate school for the post of head. Department – I.Z. Livshits (entomologist) and NI Petrushova (phytopathologist), Who arrived in the Garden in January 1941. The war of 1941-1945. Unexpectedly interrupted the work of the department.
After the war, the department was actually recreated anew by Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor IZ. Livshits merited scientist, laureate of state awards of the USSR and the Ukrainian SSR and candidate of agricultural sciences N.I. Petrushova, senior researcher, honored worker of agriculture. In the period from 1983 to 2003. The team was led by Doctor of Biological Sciences V.I. Mitrofanov, senior research fellow, laureate of the State Prize of the Crimean Autonomous Republic.
The department was the base for the organization of two other departments of the Garden: Biotechnology and Virology (founded in 1987) (Head of the Department – Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor Mitrofanova OV) and ecology (Head of Department – Doctor of Biological Sciences , Prof. Kuznetsov NN). The latter was later reintegrated with a group of entomology and phytopathology. In April 1993, at the 6th session of the General Assembly of the East Palaearctic Regional Section of the International Organization for the Biological Control of Harmful Animals and Plants (IWPRS), the Nikita Botanical Garden represented by the plant protection department was elected officially a permanent member of this World Organization with headquarters In Switzerland (Information Bulletin of the International Organization for Migration, Moscow, 1995). However, the international level of scientific recognition did not ensure the consolidation of the independent status of the department within the Garden. At the VI session of the General Assembly of the East Palaearctic Regional Section of the International Organization for the Biological Control of Hazardous Animals and Plants (IWPRS) The Nikitsky Botanical Garden, represented by the plant protection department, was elected officially a permanent member of this World Organization, headquartered in Switzerland (Inf. Bulletin of the International Organization for Migration, Moscow, 1995). However, the international level of scientific recognition did not ensure the consolidation of the independent status of the department within the Garden. At the VI session of the General Assembly of the East Palaearctic Regional Section of the International Organization for the Biological Control of Hazardous Animals and Plants (IWPRS) The Nikita Botanical Garden, represented by the plant protection department, was elected officially a permanent member of this World Organization, headquartered in Switzerland (Inf. Bulletin of the International Organization for Migration, Moscow, 1995). However, the international level of scientific recognition did not ensure the consolidation of the independent status of the department within the Garden.
4. Since the foundation of the Garden, up to the prewar years, the study of the biodiversity of parasitic flora and fauna, out-ecology and the development of measures to control individual species on fruit crops, on grapes, on essential oil plants, on subtropical introductions, on flower-ornamental plants .
In the post-war period and up to the 1980s, works in the field of taxonomy, fauna and microflora (fungi, bacteria, viruses, mites, useful entomofauna) intensified. At the same time, special emphasis was placed on the development of a theoretical justification for the leading role of the chemical method in plant protection, based on the principles of phytosanitary, the founder of which in the USSR and Ukraine were Academician V.P. Vasiliev, director Ukr.IZR (Kiev) and Professor I.Z. Livshits.
Since the late 1980s to the present, the main direction of research has been the management of sustainable development of agro landscapes based on the theory of ecosystems, according to the List of Priority Subjects of the Presidium of the UAAS (Protocol No. 1 of March 30, 2005). The beginning of this direction was laid in the 70-80’s. The last century thanks to joint work with VIZR (Leningrad), Research Institute of Food Hygiene (Kiev), VNIIGINTOKS (Kiev), GosNIIHVF (Moscow), NIIUIF (Moscow), Ukr.IZR (Kiev), VNIISKhZR (Moscow), VNIIBMZR (Chisinau), Bel. IZR (Minsk), VNIIK and ZR (Moscow), VNIIZR (Voronezh), FROM NASU them. I. Shmalhausen (Kiev), ZIN of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Leningrad), IAN Taj. SSR, FROM AS AZ. SSR, FROM AN Freight. SSR, D.-VNIISKh (Blagoveshchensk), Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon-growing (Astrakhan), SZZNIISiV (Krasnodar), OITI Biotekhnika (Odessa) and many other scientific research institutes, N.D. Zelinsky (Moscow), the Institute of Bashkir Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Ufa), IOK and B (Prague, Czechoslovakia), TSU (Tallinn, Estonia). ZIN AS USSR (Leningrad), IZ AN Taj. SSR, FROM AS AZ. SSR, FROM AN Freight. SSR, D.-VNIISKh (Blagoveshchensk), Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon-growing (Astrakhan), SZZNIISiV (Krasnodar), OITI Biotekhnika (Odessa) and many other scientific research institutes, N.D. Zelinsky (Moscow), the Institute of Bashkir Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Ufa), IOK and B (Prague, Czechoslovakia), TSU (Tallinn, Estonia). ZIN AS USSR (Leningrad), IZ AN Taj. SSR, FROM AS AZ. SSR, FROM AN Freight. SSR, D.-VNIISKh (Blagoveshchensk), Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon-growing (Astrakhan), SZZNIISiV (Krasnodar), OITI Biotekhnika (Odessa) and many other scientific research institutes, N.D. Zelinsky (Moscow), the Institute of Bashkir Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Ufa), IOK and B (Prague, Czechoslovakia), TSU (Tallinn, Estonia).
5. The department itself prepared the cadres through the graduate school of the Garden, created in 1962. Over the years, more than 50 candidates of science (for the USSR and the CMEA countries, and then Russia and the CIS), including 5 doctors of sciences: I.Z. Livshits, V.I. Mitrofanov, N.N. Kuznetsov, V.P. Isikov, O.V. Mitrofanov. In the 70-80’s. The last century in the department worked at a time to 34 people. At present the number of the group consists of one doctor of sciences (Kuznetsov NN), three candidates of sciences, senior research officers (EB Balykina, NN Trikoz, AA Khaustov), two junior researchers without a degree (LN Zvonareva and LP Yagodinskaya) and senior laboratory assistant (T.Ya. Kyptylaya).
Advanced training courses for scientific specialists of scientific research institutes are conducted according to the plan of UAAS within the framework of specialization in phyto-acarology and integrated protection of fruit, flower-decorative and industrial crops.
Advanced training courses for farm managers and key specialists are held with the participation of KRIZSTAZR.
For plant protection group and scientific research institutes. Click here.
The Department of Nature Protection was founded in 1973. The main directions of the department’s work are the study of biodiversity and monitoring of biota in the objects of the natural reserve fund. Work is under way to increase the area and number of FPF facilities in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The department includes the nature reserve “Cape Martyan”, formed on the lands of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden (Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR No. 84 of February 20, 1973).
The reserve is located on the southern coast of the Crimea near the city of Yalta. The area is 240 hectares (including 120 hectares of adjoining Black Sea water area). The unique and scientific value of the reserve lies in the fact that typical landscapes and a rich gene pool of flora and fauna of the Mediterranean type are preserved here, which is connected with its location on the northern border of the Mediterranean floristic region. The reserve’s water area is one of the few natural sites on the southern coast of the Crimea with typical bottom vegetation, characterized by high algophytic variability.
The main value of the reserve is relict forests from juniper high ( Juniperus excelsa Bieb. ), Which in Ukraine are found only on the southern coast of Crimea, where the northern border of their Mediterranean area passes. Unique community as strawberry tree ( Arbutus andrachne L. ), representing a variant of the Mediterranean maquis and Pistachio ( Pistacia mutica Fisch. Et Mey. ). These woody plants are included in the “Red Book of Ukraine” to form in the reserve rare communities included in the “Green Book of Ukraine.”
Protection of Nature The flora of the reserve of higher plants consists of 537 species (19.4% of the flora of the Crimea), of which 5 species are gymnosperms, 529 – to angiosperms and 3 – to the ferns. Here 40 species of rare higher plants are preserved (7% of the reserve flora), incl. 38 species included in the Red Book of Ukraine, 6 – in the International Red List of IUCN, 7 – in the European Red List, 10 – endemic of the Crimea, 12 – relics. In the terrestrial flora of lower plants 35 species of bryophytes and 259 species of lichens are represented.
On the territory of the reserve 229 species of macroscopic fungi are recorded, which makes 1/4 of the biodiversity of macromycetes in the Crimea. More than 20 species – rare or regionally rare, 4 species – king boletus ( Boletus regius Krombh.), Clathrus ruber ( Clathrus ruber Pers.), Klavariodelfus Pistillate ( Clavariodelphus pistillaris (© Fr.) Donk . ) And a mushroom-umbrella maiden ( Macrolepiota puellaris (Fr.) MM Moser) – are included in the Red Book of Ukraine.
Protection of Nature The aquatic complex is the keeper of the gene pool of marine flora and fauna. There are 129 species of macrophyte algae (62% of the southern coast of the Crimea noted for the floristic region), 59 species and forms of diatoms, 65 species and forms of blue-green algae. Rare for the flora of the Black Sea are 52 species, and 2 species – Nemalion helminthoides (Vell.) Batt. And Laurencia hybrida (DC.) Lenorm. Are listed in the Red Book of Ukraine. More than 200 species of marine animals – fish, mollusks, crustaceans, etc., are found in the area of the reserve. The
species list of the reserve’s fauna currently includes 16 mammal species, 7 reptile species, 4 amphibian species, 150 bird species, 67 fish species, 91 species of mollusks, About 500 species of insects, 119 species of roundworms. All three species of Black Sea dolphins are usual for the reserve: Bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ), Azovka ( Phocoena phocoena ), blond ( Delphinus delphis ). This allowed the reserve to become one of the strongholds in the national network for the study and conservation of the Black Sea cetaceans (NSC).
On the territory of the reserve there is a monument of archeology “Ruscofil-Calais”. Here, on the steep headland, the remains of the masonry of a medieval fortress (XIII-XV centuries AD) were preserved. According to the decision of the Executive Committee of the Crimean Regional Council of Workers’ Deputies dated September 5, 1969, No. 595, this object was taken under protection as a monument of local archeology. The monument “Ruscofil-Kale” is important for studying the era of feudalism on the southern coast of the Crimea.
The reserve conducts educational and methodological and environmental education work. There is an excursion route along the ecological path, allowing to conduct educational work on the promotion of environmental knowledge and the formation of an ecological outlook. Having visited an ecological path, excursionists can get acquainted with natural complexes characteristic for the reserve and the Southern coast of Crimea, with features of geomorphology, relief, soils, vegetation, underwater plant and animal world of the Black Sea.
For Underwater Plant and Nature Protection. Click here.
The Department of Agroecology was established in April 1959 on the initiative of the Director of the Garden, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor Mikhail Andreevich Kochkin, who headed the department until 1977. For more than 20 years, the department was headed by the student MA. Kochkina, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor V.F. Ivanov. The climate group was headed by the candidate of geographical sciences V.I. Vazhov. In the main areas of scientific research of the Nikitsky garden, the department’s task was formulated as follows: “Development of methods for assessing the soil and climatic conditions in the south of the USSR in order to determine the potential range of cultivation of ornamental wood and flower plants and optimal zones for the placement of fruit, subtropical, nut-bearing and new technical plants.”
The main activities of the department are:
– Ecological assessment of the territory for the placement of perennial fruit and ornamental plantations in the south of Ukraine.
– Development and introduction of technologies for melioration of skeletal, sandy, saline, solonetsous, high-carbonate soils under orchards.
– Development and introduction of technologies for reclamation of sulphide-containing dumps of mine breeds for the purpose of their greening and agricultural use.
– Estimation of soil fertility of farms and personal household plots for fruit, subtropical and arboreal shrub plants.
Today in the department of agroecology there are 2 candidates of sciences, on the occupied position: 4 senior researchers, art. Engineer-soil scientist, engineer, 2 laboratory assistant. In recent years, the group of agroecology has been developing bioecological foundations and a model for the sustainable and effective functioning of garden phytocenoses in the south of Ukraine and man-made landscapes on the dumps of mountain mine rocks in the Western Donbass.
Head of Department Department – Kostenko IV, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences.
The main scientific developments of the department of recent years:
Researches of the staff of the department made it possible to formulate new principles for the zoning of natural conditions for their rational use in agriculture, forestry and green building, to develop new methods for assessing the suitability of soils, including unproductive, and climate for perennial crops. The employees of the department created and introduced into production technologies for melioration of skeletal low-power and sandy soils under fruit crops. The main scientific developments of the department are described in the monographs “Soils and forests of the Mountainous Crimea and ways of their rational use”, “Fundamentals of rational use of soil and climatic conditions in agriculture”, “Soil and fruit plant”, “Ecology of fruit crops”
For Ecology and Agroecology. Click here.
By 1925 The department was formed definitively; In its composition there were 4 sections: essential oils, medicinal, textile and fatty plants. Since 1926. In the department began to study many new technical cultures:
- Textile-cotton, jute, kenaf, cable car, kendyr;
- Rubber plants – guayula, krym-sagyz, cotton wool, scorzonera;
- Fatty-oil – gymnosperm pumpkin, sesame, peanut, safflower, falema, perilla;
- Medicinal – Dalmatian chamomile, belladonna, poisonous sumac, saffron, myrtle, dioscorea, nightshade, etc .;
- Essential oil – lavender, muscatia sage, rose essential oil, rosemary, iris, azhgon, fennel, basil, cephalophora, tuberose, gladysh, cowwort, jasmine, marjoram, savory etc.
The main object of research since the beginning of the organization of the department and up to the present time is a group of essential oil plants. Accordingly, the introduction of biological and biochemical assessment of new plants, the timing of collection and storage, the influence of climatic factors on the accumulation and quality of essential oil, etc., prevailed in the subject of the department with the tasks of introducing crops into production.
Great merit in the success of the work of the Department belongs to PA Nesterenko, who headed it since 1929. On 1948g. Under his leadership, the biology of many types of technical and essential oil cultures has been studied, and methods for their selection have been developed.
In recent years:
- The theoretical basis for the introduction and selection of essential oil crops
- Created the richest collection of essential oil, spicy aromatic and medicinal plants, numbering more than 2600 taxa
- Created greenhouses and ridges for breeding new varieties of selection of the Division and new introduced etherons. Annually about 1 million seedlings are grown to introduce new varieties on the plantations of farms in Crimea and other regions of Ukraine.
Research is conducted on the etherons in the Steppe Crimea and in the arid southern steppes of the country.
Each sample of introduced plants and synthetically produced hybrids receives a detailed assessment of essential oil content annually, and the best of them is also in terms of the component composition of the essential oil.
For Division of New Aromatic and Medicinal Crops. Click here.