Division of New Aromatic and Medicinal Crops
By 1925 The department was formed definitively; In its composition there were 4 sections: essential oils, medicinal, textile and fatty plants. Since 1926. In the department began to study many new technical cultures:
- Textile-cotton, jute, kenaf, cable car, kendyr;
- Rubber plants – guayula, krym-sagyz, cotton wool, scorzonera;
- Fatty-oil – gymnosperm pumpkin, sesame, peanut, safflower, falema, perilla;
- Medicinal – Dalmatian chamomile, belladonna, poisonous sumac, saffron, myrtle, dioscorea, nightshade, etc .;
- Essential oil – lavender, muscatia sage, rose essential oil, rosemary, iris, azhgon, fennel, basil, cephalophora, tuberose, gladysh, cowwort, jasmine, marjoram, savory etc.
The main object of research since the beginning of the organization of the department and up to the present time is a group of essential oil plants. Accordingly, the introduction of biological and biochemical assessment of new plants, the timing of collection and storage, the influence of climatic factors on the accumulation and quality of essential oil, etc., prevailed in the subject of the department with the tasks of introducing crops into production.
Great merit in the success of the work of the Department belongs to PA Nesterenko, who headed it since 1929. On 1948g. Under his leadership, the biology of many types of technical and essential oil cultures has been studied, and methods for their selection have been developed.
In recent years:
- The theoretical basis for the introduction and selection of essential oil crops
- Created the richest collection of essential oil, spicy aromatic and medicinal plants, numbering more than 2600 taxa
- Created greenhouses and ridges for breeding new varieties of selection of the Division and new introduced etherons. Annually about 1 million seedlings are grown to introduce new varieties on the plantations of farms in Crimea and other regions of Ukraine.
Research is conducted on the etherons in the Steppe Crimea and in the arid southern steppes of the country.
Each sample of introduced plants and synthetically produced hybrids receives a detailed assessment of essential oil content annually, and the best of them is also in terms of the component composition of the essential oil.
For Division of New Aromatic and Medicinal Crops. Click here.