Plant Protection Group

1 . The plant protection group was established on the basis of the plant protection department, which repeatedly changed its status and name:

  • Department of phytopathology (September 1920 – October 1921), after which it was removed from the Nikitsky Garden and transformed into an independent institution – YuzhKrymSTAZR
  • Group of entomology and phytopathology in the department of breeding and genetics (1927-1930).
  • Group of entomology and phytopathology in the Department of Plant Physiology (1931-1935).
  • Department of entomology and phytopathology (January 1941-June 1941).
  • Department of entomology and phytopathology (1945-1980).
  • Department of Plant Protection (1980 – 2003)
  • Plant protection group in the department of agroecology (2003-2007).
  • Group of entomology and phytopathology in the Nature Protection Department (2007- present).

2 . The department was officially organized for the first time on the initiative of the Director of the Garden, the plant physiologist, Academician V.I. Palladin in 1920, who in 1921 replaced the first President of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine – Academician V.I. Vernadsky in this post.
However, it should be noted that work in the field of studying fauna, microflora, biology and the development of measures to control pests and plant diseases have been initiated since the establishment of the Garden of H.H. Steven, N.A. Gartvis and many other researchers.
In 1890, D.I. Ivanovsky, studying the causes of death of tobacco varieties cultivated by the Nikitsky garden, published in the publication of the Academy of Sciences of Russia his first report on the discovery of previously unknown to them organisms – viruses, which initiated a new science – virology. Here, V.A. Skrobishevsky (1890, 1897). For the first time in Russia, work was carried out on four-legged mites, which laid the foundation for applied phytoakarology, the forerunners of which were the publications of N.A. Gartvis (1855).
The first head of the department was a phytopathologist-mycologist K.N. Dekenbach, a specialist in rust fungi in Europe, who taught at the Kharkiv State University.

3 . However, the department was soon removed from submission to its Nikitsky garden and transformed into the South Crimean plant protection station (YuzhKrymSTAZR) by the decision of the People’s Commissariat of the RSFSR of July 7, 1922 as an independent institution with accommodation in the village. Natasha, and then in the village. Livadia (the city of Yalta).
The decision to restore the department was made again at a joint meeting of the Scientific Council of the Southern Branch of the VIR-NBS on May 19, 1935, which was conducted by Academician N.I. Vavilov, the first President of VASKhNIL, the director of VIR, where Sad then entered as his branch (the archive of the SNBS, ed.khr.199, p.6).
After this decision, invitations to work in the Garden were sent to two graduates of the LSI and the VIZR graduate school for the post of head. Department – I.Z. Livshits (entomologist) and NI Petrushova (phytopathologist),    Who arrived in the Garden in January 1941. The war of 1941-1945. Unexpectedly interrupted the work of the department.
After the war, the department was actually recreated anew by Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor IZ. Livshits merited scientist, laureate of state awards of the USSR and the Ukrainian SSR and candidate of agricultural sciences N.I. Petrushova, senior researcher, honored worker of agriculture. In the period from 1983 to 2003. The team was led by Doctor of Biological Sciences V.I. Mitrofanov, senior research fellow, laureate of the State Prize of the Crimean Autonomous Republic.
The department was the base for the organization of two other departments of the Garden: Biotechnology and Virology (founded in 1987) (Head of the Department – Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor Mitrofanova OV) and ecology (Head of Department – Doctor of Biological Sciences , Prof. Kuznetsov NN). The latter was later reintegrated with a group of entomology and phytopathology. In April 1993, at the 6th session of the General Assembly of the East Palaearctic Regional Section of the International Organization for the Biological Control of Harmful Animals and Plants (IWPRS), the Nikita Botanical Garden represented by the plant protection department was elected officially a permanent member of this World Organization with headquarters In Switzerland (Information Bulletin of the International Organization for Migration, Moscow, 1995). However, the international level of scientific recognition did not ensure the consolidation of the independent status of the department within the Garden. At the VI session of the General Assembly of the East Palaearctic Regional Section of the International Organization for the Biological Control of Hazardous Animals and Plants (IWPRS) The Nikitsky Botanical Garden, represented by the plant protection department, was elected officially a permanent member of this World Organization, headquartered in Switzerland (Inf. Bulletin of the International Organization for Migration, Moscow, 1995). However, the international level of scientific recognition did not ensure the consolidation of the independent status of the department within the Garden. At the VI session of the General Assembly of the East Palaearctic Regional Section of the International Organization for the Biological Control of Hazardous Animals and Plants (IWPRS) The Nikita Botanical Garden, represented by the plant protection department, was elected officially a permanent member of this World Organization, headquartered in Switzerland (Inf. Bulletin of the International Organization for Migration, Moscow, 1995). However, the international level of scientific recognition did not ensure the consolidation of the independent status of the department within the Garden.

4. Since the foundation of the Garden, up to the prewar years, the study of the biodiversity of parasitic flora and fauna, out-ecology and the development of measures to control individual species on fruit crops, on grapes, on essential oil plants, on subtropical introductions, on flower-ornamental plants .

In the post-war period and up to the 1980s, works in the field of taxonomy, fauna and microflora (fungi, bacteria, viruses, mites, useful entomofauna) intensified. At the same time, special emphasis was placed on the development of a theoretical justification for the leading role of the chemical method in plant protection, based on the principles of phytosanitary, the founder of which in the USSR and Ukraine were Academician V.P. Vasiliev, director Ukr.IZR (Kiev) and Professor I.Z. Livshits.
Since the late 1980s to the present, the main direction of research has been the management of sustainable development of agro landscapes based on the theory of ecosystems, according to the List of Priority Subjects of the Presidium of the UAAS (Protocol No. 1 of March 30, 2005). The beginning of this direction was laid in the 70-80’s. The last century thanks to joint work with VIZR (Leningrad), Research Institute of Food Hygiene (Kiev), VNIIGINTOKS (Kiev), GosNIIHVF (Moscow), NIIUIF (Moscow), Ukr.IZR (Kiev), VNIISKhZR (Moscow), VNIIBMZR (Chisinau), Bel. IZR (Minsk), VNIIK and ZR (Moscow), VNIIZR (Voronezh), FROM NASU them. I. Shmalhausen (Kiev), ZIN of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Leningrad), IAN Taj. SSR, FROM AS AZ. SSR, FROM AN Freight. SSR, D.-VNIISKh (Blagoveshchensk), Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon-growing (Astrakhan), SZZNIISiV (Krasnodar), OITI Biotekhnika (Odessa) and many other scientific research institutes, N.D. Zelinsky (Moscow), the Institute of Bashkir Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Ufa), IOK and B (Prague, Czechoslovakia), TSU (Tallinn, Estonia). ZIN AS USSR (Leningrad), IZ AN Taj. SSR, FROM AS AZ. SSR, FROM AN Freight. SSR, D.-VNIISKh (Blagoveshchensk), Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon-growing (Astrakhan), SZZNIISiV (Krasnodar), OITI Biotekhnika (Odessa) and many other scientific research institutes, N.D. Zelinsky (Moscow), the Institute of Bashkir Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Ufa), IOK and B (Prague, Czechoslovakia), TSU (Tallinn, Estonia). ZIN AS USSR (Leningrad), IZ AN Taj. SSR, FROM AS AZ. SSR, FROM AN Freight. SSR, D.-VNIISKh (Blagoveshchensk), Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon-growing (Astrakhan), SZZNIISiV (Krasnodar), OITI Biotekhnika (Odessa) and many other scientific research institutes, N.D. Zelinsky (Moscow), the Institute of Bashkir Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Ufa), IOK and B (Prague, Czechoslovakia), TSU (Tallinn, Estonia).

5. The department itself prepared the cadres through the graduate school of the Garden, created in 1962. Over the years, more than 50 candidates of science (for the USSR and the CMEA countries, and then Russia and the CIS), including 5 doctors of sciences: I.Z. Livshits, V.I. Mitrofanov, N.N. Kuznetsov, V.P. Isikov, O.V. Mitrofanov. In the 70-80’s. The last century in the department worked at a time to 34 people. At present the number of the group consists of one doctor of sciences (Kuznetsov NN), three candidates of sciences, senior research officers (EB Balykina, NN Trikoz, AA Khaustov), ​​two junior researchers without a degree (LN Zvonareva and LP Yagodinskaya) and senior laboratory assistant (T.Ya. Kyptylaya).
Advanced training courses for scientific specialists of scientific research institutes are conducted according to the plan of UAAS within the framework of specialization in phyto-acarology and integrated protection of fruit, flower-decorative and industrial crops.

Advanced training courses for farm managers and key specialists are held with the participation of KRIZSTAZR.

For plant protection group and scientific research institutes. Click here.