Tulips – spring, the perennial bulbous plants with summer dormancy period. In nature, there are about 140 species. Plants grow in deserts, semi-deserts and dry steppes of Asia and Europe, from China to the Pyrenees, including the Mediterranean coast of Africa. Center of diversity and home to the most beautiful wild species is the Central and Middle Asia. Naturally, in the culture of the first tulips vedeny it is in Asia. In Persia, and later in Turkey, the flower was honored for high quality decorative and received the name for its resemblance to the headgear.
In Europe, garden tulips imported from Turkey in the 16th century. Plant Beauty won the Europeans and especially the Dutch. Over 450 years the Netherlands is a leading producer of tulip bulbs in the world market. Currently there are 3.5 thousand. Commercially significant varieties, with, the range is constantly updated.
In Nikitskiy botanical garden grown tulips since its inception. Since 1961. in the Garden of the work on their selection. Obtained varieties with high decorative qualities, resistant to adverse weather conditions south of Ukraine.
The exhibition begins with the last decade of March to mid-May , replacing each other, bloom about 150 varieties of tulips. Depending on weather conditions, the timing may be shifted for 7-10 days in one direction or another.
The collection of irises in the Nikitsky botanical garden is presented Bearded Iris.In the exposition of the iris in the upper park Arboretum collected representatives of all garden groups: dwarf, medium, and tall, of 134 grade introduction and selection NBS-NSC.
Bearded Iris – a perennial herb. The name they got from the Greeks, who named them in honor of the goddess of the rainbow Iris. The extraordinary richness of colors, simplicity and endurance irises made them one of the most popular cultures of open ground.
Dates of the exhibition – the third decade of April, the end of May. Depending on weather conditions, the timing may be shifted for 7-10 days in one direction or another.
Daylily Hybrid – edge sivotsvetuschy multifunctional perennial, which has been successfully used in all types of floral arrangements.
The Nikitsky botanical garden created exposition daylily hybrid, which represented 90 introduction of varieties (Nikitsky Botanical Gardens – National Research Center) NBG-NSC. Here you can find the representatives of all garden groups: from dwarf to tall and melkotsvetkovyh and “giant”. The exhibition presents a variety of flowers variety of forms: from the usual (captive star) and rounded up to a spider. Painting of the flowers: the whole range from white to dark purple (not only pure blue and blue colors).
Dates of the exhibition – the second decade of June, the third decade of August. Depending on weather conditions, the timing may be shifted for 7-10 days in one direction or another. In autumn, many varieties can be seen re-bloom.
The queen of flowers – rose captivates with its beauty and fragrance of the Nikitsky botanical garden visitors not only in spring and summer and autumn.
Collection Rose Nikitsky Botanical Garden is one of the best in Eastern Europe, and more than a thousand varieties, types and shapes rose from 30 horticultural groups, among which there are the rose-dwarf height up to 10 cm from the group of miniature roses and roses giants from the group climbing roses, climbing a height of 10 m, there are varieties of flowering only once in May and June for 10-20 days, and there are varieties of long flowering pleasing us for 200 days, that is, before falling on the southern coast of Crimea snow.
Rose varieties included in a collection, created in the best companies in the US, France, Germany, has it rose from Russia, Spain, Italy and Holland. The most durable and abundant flowering in conditions of the south of Ukraine are the domestic varieties of roses created in the Nikitsky botanical garden, where their breeding was started back in 1812. First grade rose a remarkable domestic Countess Vorontsov was created second director Nikita Garden Nikolaem Andreevichem Gartvisom back in 1829 at the end of last and the beginning of this century in the Nikitsky garden created around 100 varieties of roses from the garden groups of hybrid tea roses, floribunda, grandiflora, climbing , polupletistoy, miniature, polyanthus and groundcover.
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